Document Type : Short communication


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Cairo university, Giza, Egypt

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt


Composite materials play a vital role in present industrial applications due to their positive properties when compared with the existing or conventional materials used for the same applications such as weight, strength, and flexibility in design. In this work, a laminate was prepared by considering three different fibers including, basalt, carbon, and glass fiber. The order of orientation is three different forms 40°, 60°, and 90°. The stacking of the fibers is of the same degrees and it is subjected to two different sets of tests such as failure analysis and thermal analysis. The results revealed that, increasing basalt fiber content (up to 50% wt.) reduced the thermal conductivity of the composite while reducing the glass fiber content increased the thermal conductivity. In addition, the orientation of 90o showed the best tensile strength and elongation over 40o and 60o.

Graphical Abstract

Study on thermal and mechanical characteristics of different composite materials for thermal insulating applications


Main Subjects

[1]. Sriram V., Mageshwaran G., Durairaj R. B., Sureshkumar P., Sathish J. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2016, 9:2510

[2]. Fiore V., Scalici T., Di Bella G., Valenza A., Composites Part B: Engineering, 2015, 74:74

[3]. Tamburini S., Natali M., Garbin E., Panizza M., Favaro M., Valluzzi M.R. Construction and Building Materials, 2017, 141: 542

[4]. Lapena M.H., Marinucci G., Materials Research, 2018, 1:21

[5]. Sun G., Tong S., Chen D., Gong Z., Li Q., International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 2018, 148:636

[6]. Jang K.S. Polymer, 2018, 147:133

[7]. Hambach M., Volkmer D., Cement and Concrete Composites, 2017, 79:62

[8]. Wang Y., Wang Y., Wan B., Han B., Cai G., Chang R., Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2018, 113:40

[9]. Amir S.M.M., Sultan M.T.H., Jawaid M., in Durability and Life Prediction in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites, Woodhead Publishing, 2019, p 367

[10]. Mohamed M., El-Marsafy S., Hasanin S., T. Wafy, International Conference on Aerospace Sciences and Aviation Technology, 2017, 17:1