Farahani, M., Firdous, S., Nazeer, W. (2018). Mathematical Properties and Computations of Banahatti indices for a Nano-Structure "Toroidal Polyhex Network". Asian Journal of Nanosciences and Materials, 1(Issue 1. pp. 1-51), 47-51. doi: 10.26655/ajnanomat.2018.1.6

Mohammad Reza Farahani; Shama Firdous; Waqas Nazeer. "Mathematical Properties and Computations of Banahatti indices for a Nano-Structure "Toroidal Polyhex Network"". Asian Journal of Nanosciences and Materials, 1, Issue 1. pp. 1-51, 2018, 47-51. doi: 10.26655/ajnanomat.2018.1.6

Farahani, M., Firdous, S., Nazeer, W. (2018). 'Mathematical Properties and Computations of Banahatti indices for a Nano-Structure "Toroidal Polyhex Network"', Asian Journal of Nanosciences and Materials, 1(Issue 1. pp. 1-51), pp. 47-51. doi: 10.26655/ajnanomat.2018.1.6

Farahani, M., Firdous, S., Nazeer, W. Mathematical Properties and Computations of Banahatti indices for a Nano-Structure "Toroidal Polyhex Network". Asian Journal of Nanosciences and Materials, 2018; 1(Issue 1. pp. 1-51): 47-51. doi: 10.26655/ajnanomat.2018.1.6

Mathematical Properties and Computations of Banahatti indices for a Nano-Structure "Toroidal Polyhex Network"

^{1}Department of Applied Mathematics of Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran 16844, Iran.

^{2}Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

^{3}Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan

Receive Date: 18 January 2018,
Revise Date: 08 February 2018,
Accept Date: 01 March 2018

Abstract

Abstract: Let G be the connected graph with vertex set V(G) and edge set E(G).The first and second K Banhatti indices of G are defined as B_{1}^{(G)}=Σ_{ue}[d_{G} (u) +d_{G} (e)] and B_{2}^{(G)}=Σ_{ue}[d_{G} (u) +d_{G} (e)] where ^{ue }means that the vertex ^{u} and edge ^{e} are incident in G.The first and second K hyper Banhatti indices of G are defined as HB_{1}(G) = Σ_{ue}[d_{g}(u) + d_{G }(e)]^{2} and HB_{2}(G) = Σ_{ue}[d_{g}(u) d_{G }(e)]^{2} respectively . In this paper, we compute the first and second K Banhatti indices of toroidal polyhex network. In addition, the first and second K hyper Banhatti indices of toroidal polyhex networks are determined.

Let G be a connected graph with vertex set V(G) and edge set E(G).The d_{G}(v) of a vertex ^{v} is the number of edges adjacent to ^{v}. The edge connecting the vertices u and v will be denoted by uv . Let dg(e) denote the degree of an edge e in G, which is defined by d_{g}(e) =d_{g}(u)+d_{g}(v) -2 with e=uv For details about graph theory we refer [1]. Chemical reaction network theory is an area of applied mathematics that attempts to model the behaviour of real world chemical systems since its foundations in 1960s; it has attracted a growing research community, mainly due to its applications in biochemistry and theoratical chemistry. It has also attracted from pure mathematicians due to interesting problems that arise from the mathematical patterns in structure of materials.

Ceheminformatics is an emerging field in which quantitative structure-activity (QSAR) and sructure-property (QSPR) relationships predict the biological activities and properties of nanomaterial. In these studies, some physcio-chemical properties and topological indices are used to predict the bioactivity of chemical compounds [2,3]. The branch of chemistry which deals with the chemical structures with the help of mathematical tools is called mathematical chemistry. Chemical graph theory is the branch of mathematical chemistry that applies graph theory to the mathematical modeling of chemical phenomenan. In chemical graph theory, a molecular graph is asimple graph (having no loops and multiple edges) in which atoms and chemical bonds between them are represented by vertices and edges respectively. Topological index of a graph is a number that describe topology of understudy molecular structure [4,5].

The first and second K-Banhatti indices of G are defined as

where ue means that the vertex u and edge e are incident in G.

The first and second K-hyper Banhatti indices of G are defined as

We refer [6] for details about these indices.In this article, we compute first and second K Banhatti index and first and second hyper K- Banhatti index of toroidal polyhex network.

2. Toroidal Polyhex Network

The discovery of the fullerene molecules has stimulated many interests in other possibilities for carbons. Many properties of fullerenes can be studied using mathematical tools such as graph theory. A fullerene can be represented by a trivalent graph on a closed surface with pentagonal and hexagonal faces, such that its vertices are carbon atoms of the molecule. Two vertices are adjacent if there is a bond between corresponding atoms. In [7], authors considered fullerene’s extension to other closed surfaces and showed that only four surfaces, sphere, torus, Klein bottle and projective (elliptic) plane, are possible. The spherical and elliptic fullerenes have 12 and 6 pentagons respectively. There are no pentagons in the toroidal’s and the Klein bottle’s fullerenes [8].

A toroidal fullerene (toroidal polyhex), obtained from 3D Polyhex Torus Figure 1, is a cubic bipartite graph embedded on the torus such that each face is a hexagon. The torus is a closed surface that can carry the graphs of the toroidal polyhex in which all faces are hexagons and the degree of all vertices is 3. The optical and vibrational properties of toroidal carbon nanotubes can be found in [9]. There have appeared a few works in the enumeration of perfect matchings of toroidal polyhexes by applying various techniques, such as transfer-matrix and permanent of the adjacency matrix. Ye et al. [10] have studied a k-resonance of toroidal polyhexes. Classifications of all possible structures of fullerene Cayley graphs is given in [11] by Kang. The atom-bond connectivity index (ABC) and geometric–arithmetic index (GA) of the toroidal polyhex are computed in [12] by Baca et al. In [13-23], authors computed distance-based topological indices of eight infinite sequences of 3-generalized fullerenes. In [14], authors presented a new extension of the generalized topological indices (GTI) approach to represent topological indices in a unified way. Let L be a regular hexagonal lattice and ^{n}P_{m} be a m×n quadrilateral section (with m hexagons on the topand bottom sides and n hexagons on the lateral sides, n is even) cut from the regular hexagonal lattice L. Firstidentify two lateral sides of ^{n}P_{m}to form a cylinder, andfinally identify the top and bottom sides of at theircorresponding points, see Figure 1. From this we get atoroidal polyhex H_{{m,N}}with mn hexagons.

Fig 1. Polyhex Torus

The set of vertices of the toroidal polyhex is:

The set of edges of the toroidal polyhex is splitted into mutually disjoint subsets such that for even i such that 0≤i≤n-2 ,we have A'_{j}={ui_{j}vi_{j+1} : 0≤j≤m-1} and For i odd and 1≤i≤n-1 we have B_{i}={ui_{j}vi_{j} : 0≤j≤m-1} and B'_{i}={ui_{j}vi_{j+1} : 0≤j≤m-1} For 0≤i≤n-1 we have Ci={v^{i}_{j}u^{i}_{j }:0≤j≤m-1}

where i is taken modulo n and j is taken modulo m.

Hence

We can easily observe from figure 2 that the number of vertices in H_{{m,n}} are 2mn and the number of edges in H_{{m,n} }are 3mn.

Fig 2. 2D-lattice graph of the toroidal polyhex.

Computational results

Theorem 1. Let H_{{m,n} }be the toroidal polyhex network. Then its first and second K Banhatti indices are;

Proof: Let H_{{m,n} }be the toroidal polyhex network. There is only one type of edges in toroidal polyhex network based on degrees of end vertices of each edge. The edge partition E_{1}(H_{{m,n})} contains 3mn edges uv, where du=d_{v}=3.

So, by definition

Theorem 2. Let H_{{m,n} }be the toroidal polyhex network. Then its K hyper Banhatti indices are;HB_{1}(H_{{m,n})} =294mn and HB_{2}(H_{{m,n})} =864mn

Proof: By definition we have,

Now,

Acknowledgments. The author is thankful to Dr. Mehdi Alaeiyan Department of Mathematics, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Prof. Mircea V. Diudea from Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Babes-Bolyai University (Romania) and Prof. Ali Reza Ashrafi from Department of Mathematics of Faculty of Science of University of Kashan (Iran) for their precious support and suggestions.

How to cite this manuscript: Shama Firdous, Waqas Nazeer, Mohammad Reza Farahani. Mathematical Properties and Computations of Banahatti indices for a Nano-Structure "Toroidal Polyhex Network". Asian Journal of Nanoscience and Materials, 2018, 1, 47-51. DOI: ………………………

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